Gollum jade “Crassula Argentea” Growth & Care [Propagation]

Crassula Argentea “Gollum jade plant” which is known by its other common names like spoon jade plant, finger jade, Shrek plant, ETs fingers, etc. is another popular succulent in the western world and in many parts of the world that are aware of its mental and physical benefits and home décor luxuriousness.

Finger jade comes from the jade plant family (crassula ovata), it loves a warmer climate which enables it to grow into a large shrub.

It is very similar to its partner “hobbit jade plant”, but there are some differences which we will highlight in our comparison section.

Tubed leaves with bright red tips of Crassula Argentea is a sign of its exotic beauty. Its propagation is a little difficult but possible, growth and maintenance are not difficult as well.

It is very sensitive to overwatering and full sun. Many people prefer full shade (filtered light), indoor conditions or partial sun. it depends upon the owner and the surrounding atmosphere.

Gollum jade

Let us highlight its description, appearance, and dimensions.

 The scientific name, classification 

Crassula Argentea, Crassula ovata is its scientific names while Crassulaceae is its family, crassuloideae is its sub-family and its genus is crassula

A complete description of Crassula Argentea “finger jade plant”

Crassula Argentea is a small, evergreen, branched type succulent that is also popular in the bonsai community.

The leaves are tubular or more like a pipe with a reddish tint. Gollum plant is not cold hardy at all.

It grows up to 30 cm to 90 cm tall (growth may vary from climate to climate) and 25 cm to 60 cm wide which is a decent size.

Indoor GOLLUMS grow taller than the outdoor ones due to the softness of temperature and conditions indoors as compare to harsh weather outside.

The flowers are so amazing when Gollum jades’ blooms. They are little clusters, star-shaped, white-pinkish flowers which normally blooms in winter.

They are native to the south and Mozambique but more popular in the western world.

Cold hardiness zone 9-11 (minimum 20F)


Gollum jade plant is named after J.R.R Tolkien’s Popular character Gollum, it is like Hobbit jade, both are in the same category.

Difference between Crassula Argentea “Gollum jade” and “Hobbit jade”

These two succulents are identical; it is difficult to differentiate due to stunning similarities, but some small details will help you to differentiate both.


 The leaves are appeared to be tipped with a suction cup The leaves of hobbit jade are curled back around
Gollum jade’s leaves are clubbed or partially closed Spoon shaped leaves that are often open on the bottom with a ridge.

Leave are clubbed or partially closed

How to grow and care Crassula Argentea – Indoor and Outdoor

it is very easy to grow this Shrek plant in your home, they don’t need much care and time, you just need to bed patient with them.

The tubular leaves of Gollum jade will take some time to mature and nurture, much like its partner hobbit jade, too much sun or water will hut this succulent.

How should I plant my Crassula Argentea Gollum jade “finger jade”?

  • Take a good look at the soil of the container or pot your trumpet jade is sitting in during the purchasing, measure it.
  • Plant your succulent in a garden in a container at the depth and width as you have measured before.
  • Mix organic compost and potting with the removed at the same quantity to increase the nutrient levels in the soil.
  • Close the hole with that soil and make it tight, Gollum jades like all other succulents like it tighter or crowded.
  • Support its base with rocks or any other object to prevent falling.

Let us describe the complete growth and care process:

  • Soil required
  • Sunlight requirement
  • Watering requirement
  • Care form frost
  • Fertilization
  • Propagation
  • Pest and mealybugs control
  • Toxicity levels

Soil required for Gollum jade

Crassula Argentea needs well-draining soil to prevent waterlogging.

Mixture of cactus potting mix with perlite will do the job. Roughly 2:1 is considered as standard.

A mixture of cactus potting mix with coarse san (2:1) ratio is also good, sandy soil is very good with drainage.

You can mix coarse sand with perlite and cactus potting mix for premium results.

Indoor and Outdoor Sunlight requirements for Crassula Argentea “Gollum jade”

Gollum like most succulents loves it indoors, but partial shade to partial sunny conditions are also good.

The long tubular leaves of finger jade needs-controlled number of sunny hours otherwise they won’t show their true colors and lustrousness.

Though sunny hours indoor and outdoor are almost the same, there are major differences in respective conditions.

 Let us have a look at it:

Indoor conditions are more likable for these succulents, Crassula Argentea loves a warm and fuzzy environment.

Indoor sunlight requirement for Crassula Argentea “Gollum jade”

Indoor sunlight requirement for Crassula Argentea

  • 4-6 hours of indirect sunlight should do the job.
  • Place it near a south-facing window or an east-facing window may also work, we just need indirect rays to nurture it.
  • If you want a deep green hue in your Gollum, then try partial to full shade.
  • Red tips are more pronounced, and the color becomes slightly lighter with proper sun exposure.
  • If your Gollum jade starts stretching out and becomes leggy, you should know that your plant is suffering from a lack of sunlight.
  • Move it to a brighter location and increase 1-2 hours of sunlight.
  • Crassula Argentea “finger jade” can tolerate low light, but if it comes to the point where it no longer can live without light, try artificial lightening.
  • Desk lamp with “LED” bulbs of higher wattage will do the job (equivalent to sunlight hours).
  • You can use them in your offices too because most of the offices don’t have the luxury of sunlight

Outdoor sunlight requirement for Crassula Argentea “Gollum jade”

For outdoor conditions, it needs to be acclimated to the full sun in the beginning to prevent sunburns and lame color. After that, finger jade can easily tolerate full to partial sun.

Your succulent will do well outdoors. Let me highlight some important things.

NOTE:  If you are growing your Gollum jade in the ground, then plant it somewhere where it receives indirect rays of the sun for the better part of the day. The direct rays might burn your plant or at least the leaves might get sunburns.
  • Gollum jade will develop deep green color with reddish tips.
  • 4-6 hours is ideal for outside conditions there is already more temperature than interiors with more weather and humidity.
  • Morning sun is always beneficial whether your succulent is placed indoor or outdoor.
  • You can count morning hours out of your daily schedule and use it as a compliment because morning sun is highly beneficial for the leaves and stem.
  • Try to avoid sunlight in extreme temperatures of 50C or above.

Water requirements for Gollum jade

Finger jade as most succulent can tolerate droughts and harsh weathers and can survive in worst of worst conditions.

They can easily live a long life without water, but if you give it enough water and care, they will grow taller and healthier and it will increase their lifespan for sure.

Watering depends on the climate you are living in, in a hot and dry climate, you will surely have to water it more as compared to humid and cold climates.

How to water a Gollum jade:

For outdoor Gollum jade, water at the base of base 5-6 inches deep in the ground (if you are growing it in the ground) and 2 inches deep for a pot or container.

Don’t splash water on the leaves, you want to clean your leaves and remove the dust, use rubbing alcohol or paper and gently rinse it or just clean it with a wet paper towel.

Always check the base of the pot to make sure water is draining at a normal pace from the pothole.

Don’t dip your finger jade completely in the water, we don’t it to swim, pooling of water will harm the roots as succulents are prone to root rot.

PRO TIP: If you want to know when to water, use the 2-inch finger rule which is also called the soak and dry method. In this method, place your 2 fingers 2-inch deep in the ground, if the soil feels dry, don’t water it, and if the soil feels completely dried off, water your Gollum jade now. Resist watering if you have a doubt, underwatering is always better than overwatering.

How much water does Crassula Argentea “Gollum jade” need?

In this section, I will separate the outdoor and indoor watering requirements to run it deep for you. Let us have a look:

Watering for outdoor Gollum jades:

  • In the summer months, water twice every 20-40 days, and if you are living in a dry and hot climate, watering 2 times a month will be enough.
  • If you are living in a rainy climate, you can cut back watering to rely on the rainwater.
  • If your area is not receiving any rain, you can increase watering but too much because succulents can tolerate underwatering, but overwatering is not good at all.
  • Cut back watering in the winter months, watering once every 2 months is enough if you are living in cold areas otherwise, you can water it once every month if your area is not under severe winter attack.
NOTE: If you are living in a humid climate, you should cut at least 40% of the watering. There is already moisture available in the atmosphere, extra absorption of water will cause leaf dropping because leaves could become too heavy.

Watering for indoor Crassula Argentea “Gollum jade”

  • Indoor, Gollum jade doesn’t need much water due to a significant drop in temperature, humidity, and dryness.
  • Watering once every 20-35 days should be enough.
  • In winter, though your Shrek plant is growing indoors, you should cut back the water for safety, watering once in 2 months is fine.
  • We don’t problems caused by winter and overwatering, leaves might get shriveled and wrinkled which will be the last thing you want.
  • The same 2-inch finger applies to indoor Gollum jades as well.

Effects of overwatering a Gollum jade plant

Many say, overwatering is more harmful than underwatering, and it is true.

 Root rot: 

Think for a second, finger jade like all succulents is drought tolerant, it will survive without water for a long time, but if they are overwatered, we all know they are prone to root rot.

It is also caused by poor draining soil, pooling of water will eventually waste those roots and the remaining affected area may become mushy and heavy.

You may have to cut all those roots which are painful to see.

 Depletion of nutrients within soil: 

Watering, again and again, cause rapid draining, and every single time water takes a part of soil with it.

Nutrients drain at a faster rate than normal, you may not have any clue about it, it will affect the growth of leaves and branches.

There may be some rough patches on the leaf, your Gollum jade may look weaker and dull.

The soil has many nutrients naturally and some extra comes with the potting mix, rapid draining is like snatching away succulent’s food.

 Dropping of Gollum jade’s leaves: 

Overwatering causes more absorption of water, the plant may become heavy, some of the leaves may drop due to overweight.

Over the many years, slowly and gradually the leaves are absorbing water, and eventually, they reach their breaking point.

Overwatered leaves can be identified, they will feel mushy and deflated on touch, their appearance will be dull and shriveled.

Although, lead dropping due to overeating is rare, but is possible.

 Leaves of Gollum jade turning yellow: 

Mainly, yellow leaves are a cultural problem within jade plants, but there could be other reasons like:

Fast draining soil, your plant may be sitting in the wrong pot or overwatering.

If you are certain that your succulent is sitting in the right soil and it is draining at a normal pace, it has no cultural problems, then cut back the water because it is causing the issue.

 Gollum jade falling sideways: 

The plant may fall sideways, again due to the overweight. It is very common; plants to fall sideways without proper support, but overwatering may also be the reason.

Solution of overwatering

  • Place it under the bright sun, let the sun evaporate excess water from you Crassula Argentea.
  • Let the plant dried out completely before even thinking about watering.
  • Increase the sunny hours in your daily schedule.
  • Cut off the affected rotten roots.
  • Repot it or feed with a decent fertilizer, nutrients may replenish after that.
  • If your interior or office doesn’t have the luxury of a sunny hour, don’t worry, use grows light.

Desk lamp with “LED” bulbs or any other light of higher wattage will do the job.

  • Avoid shades at this point.
  • Protect it from frost, use the frost clothe (if your Gollum jade is growing outside), or just move it inside.

Effects of underwatering a Gollum jade

Crassula Argentea works like a smart modern device. When it is watered sufficiently, water runs through its entire system which helps it to grow and nurture.

When it is underwatered severally, the Shrek plant activates its survival mode.

The remaining water or moisture in the soil or the leaves of the plant is used for its survival.

Dropping of leaves

Dropping of leaves is a major sign of underwatering. A shriveled and flat appearance will tell that your Gollum jade needs water.

Leaves will feel deflated and flat on the touch.

When finger jade doesn’t receive in its system, it drops the liabilities (the weak leaves) for the sake of survival.


Give your plant a drink, avoid water pooling, don’t try to compensate, and completely dip your succulent with water.

Use the soak and dry method to cut back sunny hours a little. Place it indoors for some days. If you are growing it on the ground outside, it’s ok, no need to move it inside.

Caring Crassula Argentea “Gollum jade plant” from frost

If you are living in USDA hardiness zone 9-10, you can leave your succulent outside during the winter, it can tolerate mild frost.

Some of you must be living in extreme winter climates, in that case, it is wise to grow your plants in containers. You easily move it from outside to inside.

If you can’t move your Gollum pant for any reason, use frost cloths or greenhouses to prevent the damage.

Using frost during nighttime will protect it from frostbite and a greenhouse is always beneficial and safe for plants.

What should I do if my Gollum jade is exposed to frost?

Immediately move it inside, place it a bright desk lamp of higher wattage.

Cut back water supply for quite some time. Keep it indoors for some time and wait until the freezing conditions are gone for good.

Check, if the temperature is still 15-25F, don’t move it back. If the temperature reaches normal levels, acclimate it to the full sun.

Gradually increase the sunny hours day by day to prevent sunburns because at this point your plant might be addicted to indoor conditions and it has already fought frost.

Don’t worry if some of the leaves drop during the transitioning, it is completely normal.

Propagation of Crassula Argentea “Gollum jade plant”

As a cultivar, the Shrek plant must be propagated to reproduce its beautiful baby. Like all other succulents, Gollum jade can propagation can be achieved by stem cutting or leaf cutting.

Although leaf cutting is a little bit difficult than stem cutting, both will work.

You can propagate your Gollum at any time of the year, but summer and spring (growing season) are ideal for healthy roots.

let’s start the propagation:

You will need these things:

  • Utility knife or clippers (sterilized)
  • Rubbing alcohol
  • Rooting hormone
  • Perlite
  • Small pot
  • Permanent pot
  • Clear plastic bag

 leaf and stem cutting 

  • Choose a healthy-looking Shrek plant, then choose a healthy branch.
  • Cut about 2-3inches long stem, clear extra leaves, leave a few on the top.
  • For leaf cuttings, gently plucks few healthy leaves with their stem.
  • Avoid damaged or shriveled leaves and stems.
  • Remember, before cutting, sanitize the cutting edge of the knife or clippers. Soak it in rubbing alcohol and water for at least 5 minutes. It will avoid pathogens between plants.
  • You need to cut the stem as clean as possible.
  • After the successful cutting, place the Crassula Argentea’s cutting indoor where sunlight isn’t penetrating. Leave it there for a couple of days, let it dry out completely.
  • Check the Gollum cuttings every day see for the signs of paleness and dryness
  • Get a small plastic pot, wash it with soapy water and let it dry off completely.
  • Fill the pot with potting mix (you can choose a mixture of coarse sand and cactus potting mix and perlite).
  • Place your cuttings in the soil, make it tighter as succulents as it crowded.
  • You can place the Gollum jade leaf cutting in the shallow depression and cover it with the soil.
 Wait for 2-3 weeks 
  • After waiting a couple of weeks, you are now authorized to water your baby Gollum.
  • Be careful, don’t splash the water on the leaves and don’t cause pooling of water, just give it a good drink.
  • Just water an inch deep in the soil after checking the soil by a soak and dry method (place your 2 fingers 2-inch deep in the soil; if the soil dried off, water it, and if it is wet, hold back the watering).
 Wait for a couple of more weeks 
  • You can introduce your baby Crassula Argentea “Shrek plant” to the sun but no direct rays. A couple of hours of indirect light will do it.
  • You can give it grow light (artificial lighting) if you want.
  • Cover your baby Gollum jade with a clear plastic dome or plastic bag to create a high humidity level (if you are already living in a humid area, then it is fine without a plastic dome).
  • Using sticks to keep it intact otherwise, it will fall on the plant.

Remove the plastic bag or dome after few weeks. keep watering it on the schedule before or after the dome.

  • Before removing it, gently try to tug the Gollum cutting and feel if the roots are tightly attached to the medium or not.
  • Report it now, use conventional pot, fill with the potting mix like its parent Gollum jade.
  • Take care of it like your mature Shrek plant. Same sunny hours, watering schedule and feeding, etc.


  1. Fertilization for Crassula Argentea “Gollum jade plant”

Many people don’t bother feeding their succulent, and they don’t even notice if their plant is growing at the normal pace or not, but feeding is extremely important.

Over the years, you have watered your plant many times over, the nutrients within the soil might have drained away.

To counter this situation either you repot your finger jade with fresh soil or feed it.

I would advise fertilization because it will keep your plant healthy and keep a balance of nutrients.

 How to fertilize a Gollum jade: 

Use succulents and cacti mix fertilizer, its half strength; ½ teaspoon per gallon of water outdoors and ¼ teaspoon per gallon of water indoors.

Fertilize your Crassula Argentea once every 2 months or more, especially in the growing season.

Mix the liquid fertilizer with the potting mix with care, don’t disturb the roots or damage them.

 Effects of not feeding: 

If you don’t fertilize your plant some of the leaves may turn yellow, some may drop, growth will be affected, its appearance will be dull.

This is due to a lack of nutrients within the soil.

 Benefits of fertilization: 

Depleted nutrients will be replenished, your plant will be healthy again.

Its growth will be fast, leaves will be nurtured, it will be highly unlikely that leaves turn yellow again (only if they are watered properly).

It may grow taller and wider than the underfeed ones.

Mealybugs and pests’ control for Crassula Argentea

Mealybugs are very small, fuzzy, cotton type insects with fringes all around their body. They are almost 1/10th of an inch.

Many people have mistaken mealybugs with fungus, but the cotton type residue white residue is a sign of mealybugs.

The full life cycle of mealybugs is approximately 7-8 weeks. They could be several generations of mealybugs living and feeding on one single plant, so if you don’t approach with care, you might have to dump your Gollum jade.

Where do mealybugs come from:

They generally come from warmer climates, other reason maybe bringing an infested plant into your home, contaminated potting soil, degraded vegetable, and fruits.

Sometimes ants deliberately bring mealybugs to grow because they eat their whitish residue.

How do I get rid of mealybugs from my Gollum Jade?

If you sign of mealybug infection on your Shrek plant, don’t wait, immediately follow the steps below:

 STEP A: Quarantine the plant: 

Immediately separate your succulent from the rest, if you are growing it in a garden, just pluck it out of there and pot it in a container or ceramic pot.

Don’t let the affected one make any contact with garden soil or any other plant, these mealybugs are so assoiling, they might disturb other plants as well.

During the quarantine process, we will try several techniques to get rid of mealybugs.

 STEP B: Bring it to the sink or shower: 

Bring it to the sink or shower, clean the affected area with plain water to soapy water (insecticidal soap; 1 tablespoon per gallon of water).

Wash it with care, rinse it, wash the dish and pot completely.

 STEP C: Use rubbing alcohol and neem oil: 

Use rubbing alcohol on a paper towel, gently rub it on the affected portion.

You can use neem oil twice a week, it is highly beneficial and far stronger than other pest control toxic stuff or soaps.

Use neem oil on parts of Crassula Argentea where mealybugs are present.

This might take weeks to kill all the remaining mealybugs.

 STEP D: monitoring and maintenance: 

Keep using the above technique on schedule, after a couple of weeks, you might have killed all the infestation.

Don’t rush, keep it quarantined for a couple of days more, keep checking for the residue. If it’s all clear, then change the soil where it was sitting initially or repot it.

If you can’t report it, clean the initial pot, clean rims and all the edges completely, don’t leave any parts behind. You can use rubbing alcohol or neem oil for it.

Now check your garden or area where you are growing other plants, check the soil and holes for any sign of infestation.

Now your Gollum jade plant is good to go, you can report it, but remember, keep checking the signs for mealybugs for a couple of days for safety purposes.

Check for the mealybugs in crevice, holes, and other empty spaces in your garden.

Trust me, you don’t want them again, they are so annoying, and you will eventually get frustrated. Precaution is always better than the cure.

Toxicity levels of Crassula Argentea

Crassula Argentea is low to mild poisonous to some and toxic to others. In this section, I will try to thoroughly describe the toxicity levels of this plant for household safety.

Is the Gollum jade plant toxic to a human?

Shrek plant isn’t poisonous to humans. Yes, there are some mild effects when you deliberately or accidentally ingest it in its raw form, but nothing too dangerous.

Although it is not toxic to humans, you should keep your children from ingesting it because it can cause, diarrhea, nausea and coughing, and probably food poisoning.

There are some cases of adults catching these effects as well, so be careful and don’t ingest them.

Is Crassula Argentea “Gollum jade plant” toxic to pets like cats and dogs?

Yes. Gollum jade-like some other succulents is toxic to some pets like cats and dogs.

The agent or chemical that is causing the poisoning is still unknown, and veterinarians have no clue about it. there are some immediate symptoms like vomiting and stomachache, and these mild symptoms lead to more serious problems.

Symptoms for Dogs Symptoms for Cats
Abdominal pain  Slow heart rate
Vomiting  Depression
Depression  Slow muscle function
Hiding  Lack of grooming
Aggression  Extra aggression in behavior
Weakness  Excessive sleeping
Convulsions Hiding
Slow heart rate  

Causes, diagnosis, and treatment of Gollum jade poisoning is Cats

The agent or chemical that is causing the poisoning is hasn’t been found yet. So the whole of the Gollum jade is considered toxic to pets.

The diagnosis and treatment are veterinarian’s jobs, not mine. Rather than reading about the diagnosis and treatment process online, you should concern with a doctor immediately.

Don’t waste your time reading the online diagnosis and treatment process if see any signs of the above symptoms in your pets.

What will you do or gain by reading these medical processes?

Seek immediate help first, then read about these processes or simply ask your veterinarian, he/she will describe it best.

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